LIFESTYLE DISORDERS

Lifestyle diseases (also sometimes called diseases of longevity) are defined as diseases linked with the way people live their life. They are the medical conditions where food (unhealthy eating) plays a primary or secondary role other than alcohol, drug and smoking abuse as well as lack of physical activity.

A Disease is an abnormal condition affects the body whereas, a disorder is a functional abnormality or disturbance.

 

Let’s get into the common Lifestyle diseases:

ENDOCRINE  DISEASES : those disorders which includes the endocrine glands, involving a mixed of hyposecretion and hypersecretion because of the feedback mechanisms involved in the endocrine system.

1] OBESITY

2] UNDERWEIGHT

3] GLUCOSE HOMEOSTASIS DISORDERS

  • Diabetes mellitus
  •  Insulin dependent diabetes mellitus (IDDM)
  •  Non insulin dependent diabetes mellitus (NIDDM)
  •  Malnutrition related diabetes mellitus (MRD)
  •  Gestational diabetes mellitus
  • Glucagonoma

4] THYROID DISORDERS

  • Hyperthyroidism
  • Hypothyroidism

5] CALCIUM HOMEOSTASIS DISORDERS & METABOLIC BONE DISEASE

  • Osteoporosis

6] SEX HORMONE DISORDERS

  • Ovarian failure (also known as Premature Menopause)
  • Disorders of Puberty
    • Delayed puberty
    • Precocious puberty
  • Menstrual function or fertility disorders
    • Amenorrhea
    • Polycystic ovary syndrome

7] MEDICAL EMERGENCIES include

  • Diabetic Ketoacidosis,
  • Hyperglycemic State,
  • Hypoglycemic Coma,  
  • Hypercalcemic Crisis.

8] GASTROINTESTINAL DISORDER

  • Intestinal Bowel Syndrome
  • Pancreatitis
  • Peptic Ulcer
  • Celiac Diseases (Wheat Intolerance)
  • Constipation
  • Diarrhea
  • GERD
  • Esophagus reflux

9] LIVER DISORDER

  • Hepatitis
  • Fatty Liver Diseases (Hepatic Steatosis)
  • Alcoholic fatty liver
  • Cirrhosis

10] CARDIOVASCULAR DISORDER

  • Atherosclerosis
  • Heart disease and stroke
  • High cholesterol (hyperlipidemia /dyslipidemia)
  • Hypertension (High Blood Pressure)
  • Low Blood Pressure

11] MENTAL DISORDERS (Neuropsychiatric Disorders)

  • Stress
  • Anxiety
  • Depression
  • Epilepsy
  • Sleep disorders

12] EATING DISORDERS

  • Anorexia Nervosa
  • Binge eating disorder
  • Bulimia Nervosa
  • Caffeine-induced anxiety disorder
  • Caffeine-induced sleep disorder
  • Night eating syndrome
  • Compulsive Overeating
  • Selective eating disorder
  • Pregorexia
  • Drunkorexia

13] ELECTROLYTE DISTURBANCES

  • Hyponatremia
  • Hypokalemia
  • Hyperkalemia
  • Hypocalcemia
  • Hypomagnesemia

14] Fever

  • Typhoid
  • Tuberculosis
  • Influenza
  • Malaria

15] OTHERS

  • Gallstones
  • Kidney Stones
  • Anemia
  • Hernia
  • Piles
  • Gout (Arthritis)
  • Lactose Intolerance

Diseases associated with smoking and alcohol and drug abuse.

Healthy Food Guidelines

Since no single food group can nourish the body with all the vital nutrients that a body requires, it is important that we consume a variety and good quality  of healthy foods to derive the complete nutrition. There are five main food groups, they are:

  • Fruits
  • Vegetables
  • Cereals and Pulses
  • Dairy
  • Poultry, Fish and Meat products

A healthy balanced diet of these five food groups ensures essential vitamins, minerals and dietary fiber, along with protein, carbohydrates, fat and calories. The food group serving size  depends upon various factors like age, activity level, body size and gender. Along with the diet, regular physical activity helps prevent obesity, heart disease,hypertension, diabetes, colon cancer, and premature mortality.

Eating a balanced diet is vital for good health and well being. Food provides our bodies with the energy, protein, essential fats, vitamins and minerals to live, grow and function properly. We need a wide variety of different foods to provide the right amounts of nutrients for good health.

Attributes of Healthy Living:

  • H: Holistic and wholesome food
  • E: Eating habits
  • A: Appropriate lifestyle as per Prakriti
  • L: Living with disciplined behavior
  • T: Tranquility in life: Mano Shanti
  • H: Harmonious interaction
  • Y: Yes attitude, yearly assessment

Here are some healthy guidelines below:

1] Replace saturated and trans fats with unsaturated fats, including sources of omega-3-6-9 fatty acids

2] Ensure generous consumption of fruits and vegetables and adequate folic acid intake

3] Consume cereal products in their whole-grain, high-fiber form

4] Limit consumption of sugar and sugar-based beverages

5] Limit excess calorie

6] Limit sodium intake

7] Avoid heavy dinner; maintain at least 3 to 4 hours of gap between meal and sleep

8] Replace cold drinks with coconut water, vegetable soup or butter milk

9] Drink at least 2 to 3 liters of water everyday

10] Fiber is excellent for weight loss , so consume more of raw vegetables and fruits

11] Never skip meals

12] Avoid taking water along with the meal


 

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