The key to healthy eating is to enjoy a variety of nutritious foods from each of the 5 food group. Everything you eat and drink matters. The right mix can help you be healthier now and in the future. This means: Focus on variety, amount, and nutrition. Choose foods and beverages that consists of all the 5 food groups so as to include all the nutrients.
Every food group is important to providing essential nutrients and energy that can support normal growth and good health. Choose foods that have a high content of nutrients (carbohydrate, protein, vitamins, and minerals) compared with the amount of calories, fat, and sodium content.
ICMR FIVE FOOD GROUPS
Significance of the five-food group system:
The five food group system can be used for the following purposes:
- Planning wholesome balanced menus to achieve nutritional adequacy.
- Assessing nutritional status – a brief diet history of an individual can disclose inadequacies of food and nutrients from any of the five groups.
Based on the assessment, nutrition education can be imparted to the individual.
Read more on Food Groups in details under the given food groups:
CEREAL FOOD GROUP
Cereals and millets form the staple food of human race. Grain foods are mostly made from wheat, oats, rice, rye, barley, millet, quinoa and corn. The different grains can be cooked and eaten whole, ground into flour to make a variety of cereal foods like bread, pasta and noodles, or made into ready-to-eat breakfast cereals. Cereals as a whole are rich sources of starch or carbohydrate, and good sources of protein in an Indian diet. Millets like ragi are a rich source of mineral Calcium. Cereals are also good sources of B group vitamins.
Find out more about the health benefits of consuming healthy foods from the grain/cereal food group and their essential nutrients…….Read more
PULSES, DAL & LENTIL FOOD GROUP
Dried edible seeds of certain plants are called Pulses. Split pulses are known as Dals. Pulses are good sources of protein and B vitamins. Even you can get Vitamin C but only in sprouting of pulses. Pulses are the best supplements for cereals.
Methionine, the limiting amino acid in cereal proteins, is present in good amount in pulses. Thus cereal pulse combination improves the nutritional quality of the diet.
Find out more about the health benefits of consuming healthy foods from the pulses, dal & lentil food group and their essential nutrients…….Read more
VEGETABLE FOOD GROUP
Edible parts of plants like bulb, tubes, roots, seeds, fruits, stems, leaves or flowers are considered as vegetables. Vegetables as a whole are important sources of minerals and vitamins and certain vegetables have starch, cellulose and water……Read more
FRUITS FOOD GROUP
A fruit is the edible fleshy seeds-bearing part of a plant or tree. Fruits are flavored by all due to their attractive appearance, appealing flavor and pleasing odor. Water is the chief constituent of fruits. About 75 to 95 % of the total weight is from water….Read more
MILK & ITS PRODUCTS GROUP
Milk is commonly considered as a complete food as it contains all six of the essential foodstuffs. Milk protein is of excellent quality and is promotes growth and maintenance of body tissues……Read more
NON-VEGETARIAN FOOD GROUP
Flesh of all edible animals including mammals and poultry is termed as meat. Fish is a very good source of calcium, protein, vitamin A,D and Iodine….Read more
FATS & OIL GROUP
Fats & Oils are used in cookery to enhance flavor and taste of food. Moreover, Fats gives much more energy to body. In India most of our fats & oils are extracted from vegetable Oilseeds. Fats & oils are classified into two groups based on their origin as vegetable and animal sources…..Read more
HERBS, SPICES & CONDIMENTS GROUP
Herbs are made of the green parts of plant, especially leaves, sometimes stems. That’s thyme, sage, parsley, etc.
Spices are made from the other parts: seeds, bark, roots, fruit. For example, cinnamon (bark), pepper (fruit), nutmeg (seed), garlic (root)……Read more
SUGAR FOOD GROUP
Sugar, jaggery, honey, sugarcane juice, molasses, saccharin and cyclamates are the common agents used as sweetening…..Read more
Wheatgrass juice, Green tea, herbal tea, etc are some of the herbal things that act as a add-on health benefits to our healthy lifestyle….Read more
And in every food groups you will find the detailed information of almost all the ingredients found or consumed throughout the world. And the recipes of the ingredients will be updated into the recipe section of Gonutrygo.